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AMP83 06

Pollutant management practices are used to focus interventions only where they are needed to improve and sustain soil fertility and productivity while minimizing risks to the environment, and to immobilize or adsorb contaminants from polluted soil. They address the soil threat of soil borne pests and diseases.

SQAPP includes 27 examples of the world-wide use of the following soil managment practices.

»Remediation

  • Phytoremediation

»Balanced applications

  • Integrated pest and disease management
  • Integrated nutrient management
  • Automated targeting

 

AMP89 05

 

Grazing management practices are used to regulate the amount of grazing time and consumption levels in a pasture in order to prevent overgrazing and soil degradation. They address the soil threats of erosion, compaction and poor soil structure.

SQAPP includes 25 examples of the world-wide use of the following soil managment practices.

»Grazing managment

  • Controlled and rotational grazing
  • Area closure
  • Pasture monitoring

»Trampling

  • Avoidance of pugging in paddocks

 

 

 AMP72 02

Carbon and nutrient management practices are used to increase nutrient availability for crops, increase soil organic matter, improve soil structure, provide protection to the soil from wind and water erosion, reduce evaporation and suppress weeds. They address the soil threats of poor soil structure and poor water holding capacity, erosion and soil organic matter decline.

SQAPP includes 53 examples of the world-wide use of the following soil managment practices.

»Organic amendments

  • Liquid manure or slurry
  • Animal manure
  • Compost
  • Biochar
  • Biofertilizers

»Inorganic amendments

  • Inorganic fertilizers

»Green manuring

  • Green manure
  • Leguminous crops

»Crop residue management

  • Retaining crop residues
  • In situ composting

»Mulching

  • Mulching with pruning materials
  • Straw mulching

 

AMP75 01

Pest control management practices are used to reduce damage caused to crops by weeds, pests and diseases and to increase yield. They address the soil threat of soil borne pests and diseases .

SQAPP includes 55 examples of the world-wide use of the following soil managment practices.

»Weed management

  • mechanical weed control
  • chemical weed control
  • biological weed control

»Pest management

  • biological pest control
  • physical pest control
  • chemical pest control

»Disease management

  • physical disease control
  • chemical disease control
  • biological disease control

 

 AMP52 06

Water management practices are used to modify the direction and amount of surface water flow, focus water availability for crop growth, prevent transpiration loss and irrigate crops. They address the soil threats of erosion, poor water holding capacity and salinization.

SQAPP includes 88 examples of the world-wide use of the following soil managment practices.

»Diversion

  • Diverting water flow

»Drainage

  • Intercepting drains
  • Subsurface drains
  • Surface drains

»Micro-basins

  • Planting pits
  • Ridge-furrow systems
  • Ridge-furrow systems for perennial crops
  • Micro-basins

»Water conservation

  • Inorganic mulching

»Water distribution

  • Water distribution in rangelands

»Irrigation

  • Drip irrigation
  • Surface irrigation
  • Pivot irrigation
  • Sprinkler irrigation

»Irrigation management

  • Leaching salts
  • Minimizing saline water irrigation
  • Reduced water use in rice cultivation

»Irrigation scheduling

  • Irrigation optimization
  • Supplemental irrigation

»Runoff conveyance

  • Artificial grassed or paved waterways

 

 

 

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