Stakeholder feedback and SQAPP development
|Main authors:||Abdallah Alaoui, Tatenda Lemann, Heleen Claringbould
|iSQAPERiS editor:||Jane Brandt|
|Source documents:||Alaoui, A. and Lemann, T. (2019) Report on stakeholder feedback to soil quality assessment app. iSQAPER Project Deliverable 5.1, 45 pp and Claringbould, H. (2019) Gender disaggregated stakeholder feedback on the soil quality assessment app. iSQAPER Project Deliverable 5.1 (attachment), 9 pp.
** expand this to include other reports on stakeholder feedback events.
- Feedback from stakeholders reported in D5.1 (already addressed in current SQAPP development plans?)
- Student validation exercises (2018?)
- SQAPP partners at plenary meetings, most recently in Ljubljana (June 2019)
- Researchers at Soil Horizons Workshop, Wageningen (26 August)
- Stakeholders at study site demonstration events (Task 6.4) (June-December? 2019).
As part of the process of developing SQAPP, the beta version was formally evaluated by some 90 European stakeholders (researchers, farmers, students, advisory services and policy makers) in locations in Slovenia, Poland, Portugal, Greece, Spain, France, Estonia, Romania and Netherlands. The evaluation used a standardized interview protocol and questionnaire to collect feedback from the stakeholders on the quality and accuracy of information provided by SQAPP and the benefits and disadvantages of its different features.
The feedback and comments received on the beta version of the SQAPP showed that the majority of respondents were satisfied with the soil parameters used by SQAPP and local soil threats that it identified. Interestingly there were some siginificant differences in the responses given by men and women as to the level of relevance of several particular soil threats and soil properties in their own locations. The majority of respondents liked the user-friendly format and, overall, it fulfilled the expectations of the majority of stakeholders who see a potential use for it.
However some improvements were needed, the following being the most urgent:
- The accuracy of the estimations of soil properties, threshold values, and the recommendations for particular agricultural management practices should be enhanced. The predictions based on geo-data maps are useful to get a general first overview of soil properties, however they were not always adequate and, in some cases, SQAPP provided erroneous information on land use. At the local (plot/farm) scale, the predictions were not precise enough to meet farmers’ expectations. These gaps could be addressed by giving users the possibility to enter their own data (e.g. from laboratory analysis or visual soil assessment results). This could help to refine SQAPP's output at both the general overview level and at the more detailed, local-scale. Estimated accuracy levels for the predictions should be provided and more information on the data sources.
- The presentation of SQAPP needs to be improved to increase its suitability for and ease of use by farmers. More general and accessible information is needed to better present the content of SQAPP to users (e.g. units should be adapted and implemented with clear descriptions that farmers can easily understand; soil properties, in particular chemical ones, should be better explained).
- It was recommended that more guidance be provided (e.g. manure to be used, fertilization plan) as well as examples of other land users' experiences and information on yields and implementation costs. It was also strongly recommended that examples of good practices from other areas with similar soil properties be provided.
- Fewer agricultural management practices should be recommended and they should be more appropriate/realistic for the local conditions. New and innovative practices should be highlighted.
- SQAPP should be translated into languages other than English.
- The threshold values for physical and chemical properties should be given in accordance with national legislation.
The stakeholders' responses were used to refine the subsequent versions of SQAPP.