Main authors: Fernando Teixeira and Gottlieb Basch
iSQAPERiS editor: Jane Brandt
Source document: Teixeira, F. and Basch, G. (2019) Performance of promising land managment practices to populate recommendations of SQAPP. iSQAPER Project Deliverable 6.1, 45 pp


The measured impact of innovative agricultural managment practices (AMPs) was assessed using data collected during the 2018 field campaign.

With the caveat that individual results (pairs of AMP/control) at a specific agro-climatic condition, cannot be used to infer results elsewhere, Figure 29 depicts the impact of different AMPs on soil threats measured at the iSQAPER case study sites.

D61 fig29

Figure 29. Soil Quality classification based on the soil threats and thresholds adopted for SQAPP (»Thresholds for soil quality assessment)

  • White cells indicated that data was not sufficient to perform the calculation. Red cells indicate poor condition, yellow indicates moderate condition and green good condition.
  • Where the length of the fields was not provided for the calculation of erosion, a length of 100 m was assumed.
  • Rainfall erosivity factor and biodiversity potential were read on low resolution maps and may not represent local conditions.
  • Details of the AMP groups are given in Table 1. The numbers of each case study site identify the respective pair of AMP/Control.

Table 1. Selected 20 pairs AMP-Control, case study site, climatic region and georeferenced coordinates.

Case study site Climatic region Plot Nº  Georeferenced coordinates Farming system Farming system detail Description of the AMP/ Threats addressed Years since adoption Soil group AMP Nº
France    Atlantic     2-2 48,002333° N
1,437944° E
Arable land
No-till; maize/cereal rotation. Manuring. Compaction/ Erosion 10 Cambisol 1; 9
Control 48,072277° N
1,109666° E
  Tilled; Maize monoculture. Manuring.        
2-9 48,068388° N
1,141027° E
Pasture intensive Permanent pasture/ Cows grazing Compaction 100 Cambisol 18
Control 48,06475° N
1,106083° E
  Temporary pasture/ Cows grazing        
Portugal    Mediterranean temperate    3.2 40,237883° N 8,466333° W Arable land Maize Sludge application OM depletion   Fluvisols  7
Control 40,220333° N
8,48125° W
  Tilled; Maize        
3.7 40,422117° N 8,485689° W Permanent crops Vineyards. Water diversion and drainage. Manuring. OM depletion/ Compaction/ Nutrient depletion 12 Cambisols  13
Control 40,422667° N 8,485667° W            
Spain     Mediterranean semi-arid       4.5 38,164218° N
0,712572° W 
Permanent - crops  Pomegranate. Minimum tillage Residue maintenance Manuring Salinization (soil sealing and increase OM)   7 Regosol  2; 3; 7
 Control 38,190709° N
0,687498° W
  Pomegranate. Conventional management.        
 4.12 37,855917° N
0,830250° W
Arable permanently irrigated Pepper. Crop rotation. Residue maintenance. Manuring. OM depletion/ Compaction 12 Cambisol 9; 7
 Control 37,853980° N
0,831980° W
  Pepper monoculture. Conventional management        
Greece  Mediterranean temperate 

5.9  35,320803° N 25,236560° E Permanent crops  Olives orchards. No-till.  Erosion/ OM depletion  13  Regosol  1
Control 35,321462° N 25,236689° E   Olive orchards. Tilled.        
5.12 35,295923° N 24,907333° E Pastures Extensive pastures. Consists of schlerophyllous, annual natural vegetation Erosion/ OM depletion 43 Cambisol 18
Control 35,296190° N 24,907585° E   Intensive pastures (sowed)        
Slovenia Southern sub-continental 6.9 46,093771° N 14,495881° E Non irrigated arable land Organic farming with diverse rotation (2018 Oat); manuring. Compaction/ Sealing/ OM depletion 9 Cambisol 9; 7
Control 46,093537° N 14,495542° E   Vegetable crops + cereal (2018 Barley)        
6.12 46,124762° N 14,495882° E Pastures Grazing.(previously Maize) Compaction/ Sealing/ Biodiversity 17 Cambisol 18
Control 46,124491° N 14,497139° E   Grass cutting (2-3 times per year)        
Romania Northern sub-continental 8.8 45,229629° N 27,579469° E Non irrigated arable land Sunflower. Irrigation management. OM depletion/ Others (droughts)   Chernozems 14
Control 45,197142° N 27,580508° E   Sunflower. Rainfed.        
8.11 45,284859° N 27,850021° E Pastures extensive Controlled access to pasture. OM depletion/ Salinization   Chernozems 18
Control 45,304876° N 27,835111° E   Free access to pasture.        
Poland Northern sub-continental 9.1 51,993824° N 22,550696° E Non irrigated arable land Maize. Application of “used” mushroom substrate. OM depletion 22 Podzols 7
Control 51,996773° N 22,547874° E   Cereals. Conventional management.        
9.3  51,313861° N 22,450944° E Permanent crops Hops. Organic farming. No OM amendments. OM depletion 10 Cambisols 12
Control 51,302610° N 22,422940° E   Hops. Conventional management.        
Boreal to sub-boreal 
10.12 58,99181° N 24,871640° E  Grassland; conventional; intensive  Grassland for silage. Permanent cover.  Compaction   8 Eutric Histosol  3
Control  58,99232° N 24,874360° E   Non irrigated arable land;  Crop rotation (2018, Maize)        
10.14 58,2844° N 26,491210° E Non irrigated arable land Crop rotation (2018, Wheat). No-till. Compaction 7 loamy sand Stagnic Luvisol 1
Control 58,2861° N 26,493190° E   Crop rotation. Tilled (inversion)        
China - Qiyang Central Asia tropical 11.4 26,761111° N 111,865278° E Permanent crops Orange. Green manure; Manuring & composting and Irrigation management OM depletion 6 Acrisols 7; 14
Control 26,758333° N 111,871390° E Permanent crops Orange. No fertilizer.        
China - Suining Central Asia tropical 12.1 30,613067° N 105,022033° E Arable land Maize-Wheat rotation. Manuring. OM depletion/ Erosion   Plaggic Anthrosols (Eutric) 9
Control 30,613067° N 105,022033° E   Rice-rape rotation. Manuring.        
China - Gongzhuling    Middle Temperate    14.1 43,6125° N 124,794440° E Arable land Maize. Residue maintenance/ Mulching. OM depletion 4 Phaeozems 8
Control 43,6125° N 124,794440° E   Maize. Residue removal.        
14.4 45,258333° N 124,896389° E Irrigated arable land Maize. Residue maintenance/Mulching and Irrigation management (drip irrigation) OM depletion 4 Chernozem 8; 14
Control 45,262778° N 124,875560° E   Tilled and flood irrigation.        


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