|Main authors:||Jane Brandt, Giovanni Quaranta, Rosanna Salvia, Gottlieb Basch, Fernando Teixeira, Marie Wesselink, Julie Lemesle, Antonio Ferreira, Adelcia Viego, Jorge Mataix Solera, Fuensanta Garcia, Costas Kosmas, Orestis Kairis, Chrysa Aratzioglou, Matjaž Glavan, Zoltán Tóth, Olga Vizitiu, Irina Calciu, Jerzy Lipiec, Magdalena Frąc, Boguslaw Usowicz, Endla Reitam, Minggang Xu, Haimei Fu, Hongzhu Fan.
|iSQAPERiS Editor:||Jane Brandt|
|Source document:||Brandt, J. et al. (2020) Demonstration of recommended agricultural management practices and SQAPP in the iSQAPER study sites. iSQAPER Project Deliverable 6.4 (additional) 71 pp|
|3. AMP and SQAPP demonstrations|
Most of the events were held as stand-alone iSQAPER events but the De Peel study site the event was combined with another on organic farming and the Ljubljana event was held in conjunction with a related EU project. Invitations were sent (mostly by email but also by post and telephone) to: universities, research institutes, farmers organisations, responsible ministries, farmers and other stakeholders who have previously been involved in iSQAPER workshops. The demonstration events were also publicised through farmer networks, regional and national online media, institutional websites and social media platforms (Figure 3).
A total of 483 people participated in 11 events including representatives from all the target groups of stakeholders (farmers, advisors, suppliers, researchers, students, policy makers and administrators) (Figure 4). The Qiyang and Gongzhuling sites held a joint event and no event was held in Zhifanggou Watershed.
Table 1: Dates of events, number and types of participants in each study site
|Study site||Date of event||No. of participants||Type of participants (Responses participant feedback Question 1)|
|01 De Peel, NL||4 July 2019||150||Mostly farmers, but also advisors and people who work for seeding/ fertilisation/ machinery companies|
|03 Certima, PT||29 October 2019||32||Regional agricultural and local authorities, technicians, enterprises, farmers, researchers, students, associations|
|04 SE Spain||20 September 2019||25||Researchers, farmers, administrators|
|05 Crete, GR||4 July 2019||18||Agronomists, researchers, students, farmer agronomist, scientific advisors|
|06 Ljubljana, SI||18 September 2019||44||Farmers, agricultural extension service, NGO, ministry, research, municipality, students|
|07 Zala, HU||6 June 2019||46||Farmers, Chamber of Agriculture staff, agriculture and environmental affairs staff|
|08 Braila, RO||30 September 2019||11||Farmers, land manager, advisor, researchers, students|
|09 Trzebieszów, PL||25 October 2019||28||Farmer, agricultural companies, student farmers, researchers|
|10 Tartumaa, EE||13 September 2019||72||Researchers, students, farmers, vocational training, research institute, media, agricultural supplier|
|11/14 Qiyang/Gongzhuling, CN||7-8 September 2019||33||Researchers, agro-extension technicians, farmers|
|12 Suining, CN||30 September 2019||24||Researchers, students, agro-technicians and farmers|
The identification of which AMPs to demonstrate in which study site was the result of a long process of discussion sharing experiences from local long term experiments, field trials of 2-3 AMPs in each study site, discussions with local farmers and stakeholders about reasonable implementation.
Table 2: AMPs demonstrated in each study site
|Study site||AMP/s demonstrated||SQAPP demonstration|
|01 De Peel, NL||Non-inversion tillage||(not demonstrated)|
|03 Certima, PT||Incorporation of composted sewage sludge||Series of SQAPP tests made to show all information available on the app and to understand the feedback of potential users regarding soil quality.|
|04 SE Spain||Minimum tillage with permanent soil cover||Presentation about SQAPP demonstration and on mobile.|
|05 Crete, GR||No till or minimum till; Extensive sustainable grazing||Presentation about SQAPP followed by guided download and use and discussion of results.|
|06 Ljubljana, SI||Organic farming/broad crop rotation/organic farming||Presented in a lecture room, then later in the field|
|07 Zala, HU||Application of farmyard manure||(not demonstrated)|
|08 Braila, RO||Water management in arable lands||Presentation followed by individual use and discussion of results.|
|09 Trzebieszów, PL||Application of spent mushroom substrate||Field demonstration using mobile phones|
|10 Tartumaa, EE||No-tillage||Participants downloaded the app in advance. Step- by step instructions on how to use the app and its functions.|
|11/14 Qiyang/Gongzhuling, CN||Crop rotation and straw return; Green manure||Presentation in lecture room with instructions for downloading and using SQAPP.|
|12 Suining, CN||Straw mulching and no tillage||How to use SQAPP, organic fertilizer application, training event|
Full details of the management practice, the soil threat it is designed to address, evidence of its effectiveness from field trials, the location in which it is implemented, its costs, establishment/maintenance activities and inputs and where conditions under which it can be used were given in handouts (Figure 5).
For the full collection of leaflets from all study sites see »Good practice leaflets.